Importance of National Parks
Of late, natural resources have come under threat from expansive civilization in most parts of the world. Flora and fauna or plants and animals are the main resources of the world. It is in a bid to conserve such resources that countries have established special places for them. The general terminologies used to describe these areas are national parks and game reserves. Governments usually run or manage such national parks and game reserves.
National parks are very important to a country especially in relation to the economy of the country in question. First of all, different countries usually have different species of wild animals and rare plant species. The chance to see rare plant and animal species makes many tourists visit specific countries in the world. Tourism is a major foreign exchange earner to most countries that have tourist attraction sites. Such incomes definitely translate to a huge Gross Domestic Product (G.D.P) of a country.
Attractions in national parks are quite different and diverse. A good example is the presence of rare animal species in national parks found in African countries. Such animals like leopards, buffaloes and lions are a common feature in most African national parks. It is however possible to find animal species in other continents which are an absent phenomenon in Africa. The fact that Kangaroos are mainly found in Australia and bison found in United States of America and not in many other areas is a good example of such diversities.
The modern world has witnessed an increase of national parks being used for recreational activities. Camping and hiking form part of some of the recreational attractions present in modern day national parks. Long distance athletic races like marathons have also started being held in national parks. How do national parks form sites for recreation? This is an important point since any activities happening in national parks must not create any human-wildlife conflicts.
To understand how recreation activities take place in national parks, it is good to note that such activities cannot happen in all national parks. For any national park to be used for recreation, it must be set up in such a manner that such activities will not pose dangers to wildlife as well as to human beings. An example of such adaptations is in the United States of America where the Big Bend national park has been used for a long time for hiking. Availability of natural trails within the park makes it ideal for hiking.
Leisure walks and camping also happen inside some national parks. For camping to be conducted, a park that is not inhabited by carnivorous animals comes in handy. This is because carnivorous animals may pose dangers to human beings. In a bid to eradicate chances for human-wildlife conflict, most governments have set up areas for recreation which are far from natural habitats of wildlife within the park.